Executive Order on mobile non-production installations used in connection with Offshore Oil and Gas Operations

Executive Order no. 1190 of 9. October 2015 issued by the Danish Working Environment Authortity - unofficial version.

The following shall be laid down pursuant to section 4a, section 18(7), sections 43-44, section 61(4) and section 72(1) of the Offshore Safety Act, cf. Consolidated Act no. 831 of 1 July 2015:

Part 1 - Scope etc.

Scope

1.-(1) This Executive Order shall apply to the construction and layout of mobile non-production installations as defined in section 3(1), nos. 1, 11 and 14, of the Offshore Safety Act, as well as to equipment on these installations, which have or shall have authorisation pursuant to section 28 of the Offshore Safety Act to carry out offshore oil and gas operations, cf. section 3(1), nos. 15 and 16, of the Offshore Safety Act.

(2) This Executive Order shall also apply to operations in connection with a mobile non-production installation if the operations are subject to the Act on the Use of the Danish Subsoil and if these operations carry health or safety risks.

Definitions

2. For the purposes of this Executive Order:

 For the purposes of this Executive Order:
  1. "Workroom" shall mean: Any room on the installation with workstations.
  2. "Workstation" shall mean: A place on the installation where work is carried out.
  3. "Drilling equipment" shall mean: Equipment which is a part of the drilling process or other well operations, and any connection pipes between this.
  4. "Design" shall mean: An overall description of the installation.
  5. "Ancillary equipment" shall mean: Equipment that is not part of the drilling process, cf. no. 13, such as generators, emergency generators, lifting equipment and pumps.
  6. "The accommodation" shall mean: The part of the installation or associated vessels which contains recreation rooms.
  7. "Layout" shall mean: The relative positioning of equipment, furnishings and installation components in the installation.
  8. "Furnishings" shall mean: Accessories that cannot be characterised as equipment.
  9. "MODU code" shall mean: IMO's "Code for the Construction and Equipment of Mobile Offshore Drilling Units" prepared by the IMO (International Maritime Organization).
  10. "Installation" shall mean: Mobile non-production installation.
  11. "Construction of the installation" shall mean: The design, dimensioning and structure of elements used in installation components and the inter-assembly of installation components.
  12. "Recreation rooms" shall mean: The sleeping rooms, dining rooms, toilets, washing facilities and leisure rooms for persons on board the installation.
  13. "Passenger lift" shall mean: A permanently fixed lifting device for the transport of people or goods or people and goods between stationary levels using a cabin which has been designed and tailored specifically to allow people to access it.
  14. "Safety and health document" shall mean: The document referred to in the Danish Working Environment Authority (Danish WEA) Executive Order on Management of Safety and Health in connection with Offshore Oil and Gas Operations, etc.
  15. "Pressure equipment" shall mean: Pressure vessels as in:

a) the Danish WEA Executive Order on certain EC directives on pressure vessels,

b) the Danish WEA Executive Order on the design, etc. of simple pressure vessels,

c) the Danish WEA Executive Order on the design, etc. of aerosols, and

d) the Danish WEA Executive Order on the design, etc. of transportable pressure equipment.

 16. "Equipment" shall mean:

a) Machinery, containers, apparatus, tools and other similar devices that are used in the processing of a product or are used in order to bring about a work result, including for transport and storage, or serve in the performance of a technical process.

b) Parts of such devices, prefabricated structures and any other manufactured object intended to form a finished unit together with other objects.

3. In cases where the owner or the user is identified in the Executive Orders to which this Executive Order refers, the owner or user shall be understood to refer to the owner of non-production installations as defined in the Offshore Safety Act.

General

4. The construction, layout and equipment of the installation, including electric systems, software, hardware, etc., shall be installed in such a way that health and safety risks, as well as the risks of major environmental incidents, are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable, while making considerations for their application and maintenance.

Norms and standards

5.-(1) Recognised norms and standards of significance to health-and-safety-related aspects of the installation's construction, layout and equipment shall be complied with, cf. section 42(1) of the Offshore Safety Act.

(2) Installations classified according to the MODU Code shall, as a minimum, comply with the provisions of the 2001 consolidated edition of the Code, cf. however, subsection (3).

(3) Installations, the keel of which was laid after 31 December 2011, or installations which were at a corresponding stage of construction after 31 December 2011, shall, as a minimum, comply with the provisions of the 2009 edition of the MODU Code.

(4) Installations referred to in subsection (2), the keel of which was laid after 31 December 2000, or installations which were at a corresponding stage of construction after 31 December 2000, shall moreover comply with the supplementary requirements laid down in the Annex to the Danish Maritime Authority Executive Order on a technical regulation on the construction and equipment of mobile offshore drilling units, etc.

(5) Norms and standards referred to in subsection (1) may nevertheless be derogated from in cases where doing so is appropriate in order to achieve a higher level of health and safety, or as a result of technical developments. Such derogation presupposes that the health and safety risks are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable, cf. section 42(2) of the Offshore Safety Act.

(6) In respect of installations not classified according to the MODU Code, or in the absence of other such recognised norms and standards as referred to in subsection (1), the health and safety risks associated with the construction, layout and equipment of the installation shall be reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable, cf. section 34 of the Offshore Safety Act.

II Construction

Part 2 - General provisions

Design

6. Equipment, workrooms, workstations and accommodation, etc. at installations shall be positioned relative to one another in such a way as to take account of the risk of fire and explosion, and the risk of accumulation of substances harmful to health, so that the health and safety risks are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

Load-bearing constructions

7.-(1) Load-bearing constructions shall be designed and built in such a way that they are able to withstand the loads to which they may be subjected during installation and operation.

(2) Load-bearing constructions shall be designed in such a way that malfunctions in individual components or the intrusion of water will not have unacceptable consequences.

(3) The load-bearing capacity of the constructions shall be sufficient to

  1. allow for evacuation in the event of an accident, and
  2. in the event of an accident, protect against structural collapse until such time as evacuation has taken place.

(4) The load-bearing constructions shall be designed taking into account the consequences of potential explosions.

III Layout

Part 3 -The installation

Layout of the installation

8. The health and safety risks associated with the layout of the installation shall be identified and assessed, cf. section 4, for the purposes of both an individual and a collective assessment of the risks in the working environment which may have short-term or long-term physical or mental health impacts, and so as to avoid any harmful effects.

9. The layout of the installation, including major conversions that may be regarded as equivalent thereto, shall be planned and carried out in such a way that the health and safety risks associated with the performance of work, as a whole, are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable. This includes, in particular, that workrooms and workstations, etc. shall be dimensioned, arranged and positioned with respect to one another in such a way that:

  1. a workflow can be established, including appropriate conditions for transport and storage with the help of equipment as required, such that health and safety risks are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable;
  2. any risks and nuisances arising from work processes, including the generation of vapours, dust or other air pollution, radiation, extreme temperatures, etc. can be minimised as much as possible, and so that unnecessary adverse impacts are avoided;
  3. the installation, equipment and installation components, etc. can be used, including cleaned, maintained and inspected, etc., in such a way that the health and safety risks for those who perform the work as well as for others at the location are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable;
  4. the constructions and materials used are of such a nature that adequate insulation is achieved having regard to the use of the respective areas, and such that satisfactory noise, climate and lighting conditions are achieved;
  5. no materials are used that release vapours or dust which may form harmful or unpleasant concentrations, or which may accumulate static charges;
  6. in locations where ongoing work may lead to significant production of dust or to contamination that is harmful to health, the use of constructions or materials which may accumulate contaminants or prevent proper cleaning is avoided;
  7. work of a kind not naturally performed outdoors can be performed in safe workrooms, except where this would obviously be unreasonable or inappropriate; and
  8. the health and safety risks associated with tidying, cleaning and maintenance are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

10. Taking into account the technological and social developments in society, the installation shall be laid out so that workstations, furnishings and equipment, and accommodation are adapted to the employees, and so that health and safety risks are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

11. First-aid equipment shall be available in all places on the installation where working conditions so require. Such first-aid equipment shall be easily accessible and appropriately labelled.  

Access routes

12. Adequate access routes and access areas shall be provided on the installation, and these shall be of a size and nature to allow employees to move about freely and carry out their work without risk to health and safety using equipment as required.

13.-(1) Installations with more than one level shall be laid out with a suitable number of stairways.

(2) The installation shall be laid out with equipment, including, in particular, mechanical equipment, in a way that prevents employees from having to transport loads manually, cf. Danish WEA Executive Order on the manual handling of loads in connection with offshore oil and gas operations, etc.

(3) Stairways and equipment shall be positioned having regard to their intended use, cf. subsections (1) and (2).

14. To the extent required in order to help employees orient themselves and to help employees move about safely, access routes and access areas, as well as escape routes, shall be clearly marked with information about directions, exits and unexpected differences in level.

15. The position, number and dimensions of doors, gates, hatches, etc. shall be such that, taking into account the nature and risks of the work otherwise, the safety risks associated with use or with passing through them are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

16.-(1) Transparent doors shall be rendered visible.

(2) Swing doors and swing gates shall be transparent or have see-through panels.

(3) If transparent or translucent doors and gates are not made of safety material, and if persons on board risk injury in the event that a door or a gate shatters, such surfaces shall be protected against shattering.

17. Transparent or translucent walls, in particular all-glass partitions, in workrooms or in the vicinity of workstations and access routes, shall be clearly marked and made of safety material, or they shall be separated from such workstations or access routes in such a way as to prevent persons on board from coming into contact with walls or being injured in the event that a wall shatters.

18. Access routes on the installation shall be such that stretcher transport of sick and injured persons to treatment rooms and evacuation points can be undertaken effectively.

Escape routes, etc.

19. The installation shall be laid out so that the health and safety risks associated with escape, evacuation and rescue of persons on board the installation in the event of fire and other accidents are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable. This shall be substantiated through an evacuation analysis, cf. Danish WEA Executive Order on Management of Safety and Health etc. in connection with Offshore Oil and Gas Operations etc.

20.-(1) Emergency routes and emergency exits shall remain clear and be easy to access at all times, and they shall lead to a safe assembly point or to a safe evacuation point through the most direct route.

(2) Depending on the type of work and on the risks in general, there shall be a sufficient number of escape routes and emergency exits and these shall be designed, dimensioned and located so that there is adequate opportunity for everyone on the installation to reliably get to safety in situations of danger.

(3) There shall be two independent escape routes to a safe assembly point or a safe evacuation point from areas in which employees normally carry out work.

21.-(1) The positioning of stairways shall ensure, among other things, that the escape routes from all parts of the installation are short and logical.

(2) Doors and gates along escape routes shall be open in the direction of escape, taking into account subsection (3), or, where this is not possible, be designed in the form of sliding doors, and it shall be possible to operate such doors and gates in an easy and safe manner without the use of a key.

(3) Doors and gates may not block the escape route when they are opened.

22.-(1) Emergency routes and exits requiring illumination shall be provided with emergency lighting of adequate intensity if the lighting fails.

(2) Escape routes shall be provided with unequivocal, appropriately placed signage and markings showing the way to a safe assembly point or a safe evacuation point.

23.-(1) Adequate measures must be taken to protect escape routes, assembly points and evacuation points from heat, smoke and, as far as possible, the impact of explosion, and to ensure that escape routes to and from the assembly points and evacuation points remain passable.

(2) These measures shall be such as to provide protection to persons on board for long enough to enable a possible evacuation and rescue operation to be conducted in safety.

Lighting

24.-(1) The installation shall be provided throughout with lighting capable of supplying illumination sufficient to ensure the health and safety of employees.

(2) The installation shall, as far as possible, have sufficient natural light and be equipped with artificial lighting adequate for the protection of the health and safety of employees.

(3) Outdoor areas shall be adequately lit by artificial lighting if daylight is not adequate.

(4) Lighting installations in workrooms and accommodation, and along access and escape routes, shall be placed so that the type of lighting selected does not present a risk of accident to employees.

(5) Areas of the installation in which employees will be exposed to particular risks if the artificial lighting system fails shall be provided with emergency lighting of an intensity adequate to reduce the safety risk associated with lighting failure to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

(6) The lighting shall be designed so as to ensure that operational control areas, assembly points, evacuation points and danger zones remain illuminated.

Part 4

Areas with particular risks

25.-(1) Areas where there is a risk of employees falling down or being hit by falling objects, or where there is otherwise a considerable health and safety risk, shall be secured by means of railings, screening, barriers, coverings or other appropriate measures.

(2) Areas where equipment is pressure-tested or where other risky activities take place shall be cordoned off.

(3) Areas referred to in subsections (1) and (2) shall be marked and equipped with warning boards, cf. Executive Order on safety signage and other forms of signalling on installations in connection with offshore oil and gas operations.

Substances harmful to health

26. Areas where there is a risk of accumulation of substances harmful to health shall be laid out in such a way that these substances are captured at source and removed.

Combustion air and exhaust gases

27.-(1) Combustion air shall be taken from an unclassified area.

(2) If necessary, exhaust gases shall be conducted to an unclassified area and shall primarily and to the extent possible be conducted away from the installation or, if this is not possible, away from areas on the installation generally frequented by persons on board the installation.

(3) To the extent possible, exhaust gases shall be conducted away from the installation in such a way that they do not present a nuisance to persons on board or create dangerous situations for helicopter operations.

(4) Exhaust ducts and exhaust pipes passing through a classified area shall not have surface temperatures higher than the temperature for which the area is rated.

Part 5 Workrooms

General

28.-(1) Workrooms shall be laid out and positioned having regard to the processes that are to be carried out in the workroom, so that the health and safety risks are reduced to a level as reasonably practicable.

(2) Furthermore, workrooms shall be laid out in such a way that unnecessary impacts from harmful substances and materials, radiation, extreme temperatures, draughts, noise or vibrations, etc. from other areas of the installation and the surroundings in general, are avoided to the extent possible.

29.-(1) Workstations shall be positioned in the workroom in such a way that health and safety risks are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

(2) If there are particular health and safety risks in a workroom due to the type of work or to specific work processes, etc., the workroom shall be positioned, laid out and equipped in such a way that the risks are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

30. Taking into account the type of work, as well as the physical activities performed by employees, workrooms shall be insulated to the point that health and safety risks are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

31. Workrooms must be well lit, by daylight to the extent possible, and otherwise using appropriate artificial lighting.

Indoor climate

32.-(1) Workrooms shall be provided with sufficient installations to provide adequate heating, cooling, ventilation and extraction. These installations may not emit noise, radiation or draughts.

(2) During working hours, the temperature in workrooms shall be adequate for human beings, having regard to the working methods being used and the physical demands placed on the employees.

33.-(1) Steps shall be taken to ensure that there is sufficient fresh air in enclosed workstations, having regard to the working methods used and the physical demands placed on the employees.

(2) Any defect occurring in the ventilation or extraction system shall trigger an alarm if the defect is of significance for the health and safety of employees.

34. The temperature in recreation areas, rooms for duty staff, sanitary rooms, messes and first aid rooms must be appropriate for the specific purpose of such rooms.

35. Windows, skylights and glass partitions shall be designed so as to avoid intense sun exposure of employees at the workstation, having regard to the type of work and the nature of the workstation.

Dimensions, surfaces and room volume

36.-(1) The floor area, height and volume of the workroom shall be adapted to the type of work and to the equipment, materials and furnishings found in the workroom, as well as to the number of employees normally present in the room, so that it is possible for employees to perform their work in such a way that health and safety risks are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

(2) The floors of workrooms shall be void of bumps, holes and differences in level that could entail a safety risk. The flooring shall be adapted to the type of work performed in the room, and it shall have an appropriate level of stability and slip-resistance relative to the type of work.

(3) The surfaces in the workroom may not emit vapours or dust into the workroom. Nor may they give rise to the formation of static charges in a manner exposing employees to harmful or highly unpleasant impacts. In workrooms with a potentially explosive atmosphere, the flooring shall be suitable and non-spark-generating.

(4) The surfaces of floors, walls and ceilings in workrooms shall be of such a nature that, during cleaning and purification, it can be ensured that any health risks stemming from the surfaces are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

37.-(1) Workrooms and their equipment and fixtures shall, to the extent possible, be furnished with non-combustible or flame-retardant materials.

(2) If combustible materials are used, they shall not generate toxic fumes when combusted.

Part 6 Work stations

General

38. An individual employee's workstation shall be laid out appropriately in accordance with ergonomic principles and in such a way that the employee is able to monitor relevant processes from the workstation.

39. The workstation shall be positioned and laid out in such a way that the employee is not unduly impacted by substances and materials, or by radiation, extreme temperatures, drafts, noise or vibrations, etc.

Furnishings, aids and materials

40.-(1) The workstation shall contain suitable furnishings such that health and safety risks during work are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

(2) Chairs, worktables, etc. that are used for a variety of tasks or by alternating employees shall adjustable to the extent necessary.

(3) The furnishings shall be made of materials that do not present health risks. Design and materials shall be of such a nature that the furnishings can be effectively cleaned in an appropriate manner of the contaminants to which they are exposed.

41.-(2) The workstation shall be spacious so that necessary furnishings, aids and materials can be installed in such a way that all health and safety risks during the performance of work are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

(2) If work can be performed without detriment while seated, there shall be an appropriate workstation for this purpose. If work involves standing or walking, as far as possible seats shall be available during breaks.

(3) Access routes and escape routes in connection with the workstation shall be designed such that the safety risk posed by the use of these, in both normal situations and in emergencies, is reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

Ventilation

42.  The workstation shall be supplied with sufficient fresh air, and by means of mechanical ventilation, if necessary.

43.  If the formation of gases, dust or similar that are harmful to health or explosive cannot be prevented during a work process, or if the generation of smoke, micro-organisms, aerosols, foul odours or other unpleasant atmospheric pollution cannot be prevented, a mechanical extraction system shall be installed to remove the pollution at source as far as possible. At the same time, fresh replacement air of an appropriate temperature shall be added.

(2) If the pollution cannot be effectively removed at source, the work process shall be relocated to a special room, cabin or the like where no other work is performed, and which is equipped with sufficient mechanical ventilation.

(3) The extracted air may not be fed back to the workstation, cf. however subsection (4).

(4) Extracted air exclusively originating from sand blasting in connection with which respiratory protective equipment with air supply is required may, however, after effective cleaning and intake of adequate amounts of fresh air, be led back to the same workroom, cf. however subsection (5).

(5) It is a prerequisite that it can be documented that, prior to being fed back, the extracted air, cf. subsection (4), has been effectively cleaned, such that the air's mineral dust content (inert, respirable) does not exceed 10 per cent of the threshold limit value. Furthermore, the measurements required to monitor that the air supplied meets the requirements shall be conducted continuously.

(6) The ventilation system referred to in subsections (1) and (2) shall be equipped with a control device that signals inadequate functioning. Ventilation systems covered by the exemption in subsection (5) shall, moreover, be designed in such a way that recirculation is automatically switched off, or the work process is automatically stopped, if the cleaning is insufficient.

Substances and materials harmful to health

44. Where there is a risk of contamination by infectious materials, or by substances or materials which, due to health or safety concerns, must be removed quickly from the skin or must be stopped from spreading, there shall be suitable and adequate aids for this purpose in the vicinity of the workstation.

Outdoor workstations

45. To the extent possible, for work performed outdoors for extended periods of time, safeguards shall be established to protect employees against inclement weather, and, where necessary, against falling objects.

Part 7 Sanitary conditions

Changing rooms and lockers

46.-(1) Appropriate changing rooms shall be provided for employees if they are required to wear special work clothes and where, for reasons of health or propriety, they cannot be expected to change elsewhere.

(2) Changing rooms shall be easily accessible, be of sufficient capacity and be provided with seating.

(3) Changing rooms shall be sufficiently large and have facilities to enable each employee to lock away his/her clothes during working hours.

(4) If circumstances so require, lockers for work clothes shall be separate from those for ordinary clothes.

(5) Facilities shall be provided to enable all employees to dry their wet work clothes.

(6) If changing rooms are not required under subsection (1), all employees shall be provided with a place of the own in which to store their clothes.

47. Provision shall be made for separate changing rooms or separate use of changing rooms for men and women.

Toilets, showers and washbasins

48.-(1) In addition to the facilities provided in accommodation areas, a suitable number of toilets, showers and washing facilities shall, if necessary, be provided in the vicinity of workstations.

(2) Provision shall be made for separate toilets and showers or separate use of toilets and showers for men and women.

(3) Showers and washbasins shall be provided with running hot and cold water, as well as soap, and shall be suitably positioned with respect to workstations and toilets.

(4) Toilets shall be of the water-flush type, or else connected to a vacuum extraction system.

(5) Where there is a risk of contamination by infectious materials, or by substances or materials which, due to health or safety concerns, must be removed quickly from the skin or must be stopped from spreading, there shall be suitable and adequate aids for this purpose in the immediate vicinity of the workstation, e.g. aids such as running water, eye wash bottle, emergency shower and special cleaning agents.

Part 8 Layout for emergencies

General

49. The installation shall be subdivided into areas based on the risk of fire and explosion, and areas with risk shall be classified.

50. Electrical installations, electrical equipment and mechanical equipment on the installation shall be explosion-proof relative to the classification allotted to the area.

Prevention of explosion hazards

51.-(1) The installation shall be laid out and appropriately fitted to prevent the occurrence and accumulation of a potentially explosive atmosphere.

(2) In areas with a potential explosion hazard, all necessary measures shall be taken to prevent ignition of the potentially explosive atmosphere.

Fire detection and fire fighting

52.-(1) Appropriate measures identified in the safety and health document of the installation shall have been taken in order to prevent, detect and combat the outbreak and spread of fire.

(2) If necessary, fire separation shall have been established in order to separate areas with special fire hazards.

53.-(1) Adequate fire detection and protection systems, fire-fighting systems and alarms shall be provided on the installation in order to mitigate the risks identified in the safety and health document of the installation.

(2) These systems may include, but are not limited to:

  1. fire detection systems,
  2. fire alarms,
  3. main fire water systems,
  4. fire hydrants and hoses,
  5. water deluge systems and water monitors,
  6. automatic sprinkler systems,
  7. gas extinguishing systems,
  8. extinguishing systems employing gaseous extinguishing agents,
  9. foam extinguishing installations,
  10. portable fire extinguishers, and
  11. firefighter's equipment.

(3) Non-automatic fire-fighting equipment shall be easily accessible, simple to use and, if required, protected from damage.

(4) Emergency systems shall be segregated or otherwise protected from accidents, so that the emergency functions remain operational in an emergency.

(5) If required, there shall be two, corresponding emergency systems.

(6) Systems for the remote control of emergency systems in emergency situations shall be included in the safety and health document, cf. Executive Order on Management of Safety and Health etc. in connection with Offshore Oil and Gas Operations etc. The systems shall include control stations installed at appropriate locations and which can be used in the event of emergencies. This includes control stations at safe assembly points and evacuation points, if necessary.

(7) Systems with remote control functionality, cf. subsection (6), shall, as a minimum, include systems for ventilation, emergency shut-down of equipment which could give rise to ignition, prevention of the escape of flammable liquids and gases, fire protection and well control.

(8) Adequate facilities shall be provided for the installation's fire-fighting team to put on fire-fighting equipment.

54. Workrooms that are important in the control of accidents shall be provided with special protection against fire and explosion so that, wherever possible, they can remain operational until evacuation has taken place.

Alarm, communication and fire-fighting equipment

55. Installations shall be equipped with alarm and communication equipment, as well as fire-fighting equipment.

Treatment room and first-aid equipment

56.-(1) In accommodation areas, one or more appropriate rooms shall be laid out and equipped for advanced first-aid treatment.

(2) The treatment room shall be laid out in such a way that it can accommodate appropriate facilities, as well as medical equipment and medicines.

(3) The treatment rooms shall be provided with markings pursuant to the Danish WEA Executive Order on safety signage and other forms of signalling on installations in connection with offshore oil and gas operations etc.

(4) On smaller installations, the treatment room may be used for other purposes, provided that the treatment room can be used for the purpose described in subsection (1).

Part 9 Employees with special needs

57.-(1) Particularly sensitive risk groups, including pregnant and breastfeeding employees, shall be protected against the risks which specifically affect them.

(2) The protection measures provided shall, as far as possible, consist of technical measures at the installation.

58. Pregnant employees shall be able to lie down and rest under appropriate conditions.

59. The installation shall be designed in a manner that takes disabled employees into account, if necessary.

Part 10 Accommodation

Conditions of accommodation

60. If not otherwise stated in this Executive Order, accommodation shall follow the provisions concerning recreation rooms in the Danish Maritime Authority Order on Notices from the Danish Maritime Authority B, Technical Regulation on the construction and equipment etc. of ships.

61.-(1) The accommodation shall as far as possible be separate from areas with well operations, classified areas and other risk areas.

(2) In the interest of assuring undisturbed rest and recovery, sleeping rooms and recreation rooms shall be suitably positioned in relation to the other operations conducted at the installation.

62. The accommodation as a whole and the individual recreation rooms shall be insulated and protected against both heat and cold, and against noise, vibrations and air pollution.

63. The accommodation shall be laid out in such a way that the health and safety risks associated with cleaning and other service work are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

64. The accommodation shall be provided at each level with at least two independent exits leading to escape routes that lead to a safe area, a safe assembly point or a safe evacuation point.

65. A locker shall be provided at an appropriate location in the accommodation where safety representatives can store documents, etc. for use in their official duties.

66. Employees shall, to the extent that they do not have access to their sleeping rooms during working hours, have access to a locker for their belongings at another location in the accommodation.

67. Employees shall have access to internet and telephone to allow them reasonable communication in private.

Indoor climate

68. The accommodation shall be provided with adequate installations for heating, cooling, ventilation and lighting. These installations shall not emit unpleasant comfortable radiation, noise or drafts.

Daylight

69. Sleeping rooms, recreation rooms and messes shall as far as possible have access to daylight.

Materials and furnishings

70.-(1) The accommodation shall be furnished with non-combustible or flame-retardant materials.

(2) Furnishings in the accommodation shall be made of non-combustible or flame-retardant materials as far as reasonably practicable.

(3) If combustible materials are used, they shall not generate toxic fumes when combusted.

(4) Moreover, the accommodation shall be provided with suitably positioned and dimensioned fire compartments.

Sleeping rooms

71.-(1) The accommodation shall be provided with a number of sleeping rooms adapted to the number of expected overnight occupants in connection with normal operation.

(2) The number of sleeping rooms shall, as far as possible, be such that each overnight occupant is assigned his or her own room.

(3) To the extent that subsection (2) cannot be met, the number of sleeping rooms not assigned to one person only shall be such that each sleeping room is assigned to a maximum of two persons.

(4) Sleeping rooms assigned to two persons shall be provided separately for men and women if the compartment is used simultaneously by the two persons to whom it is assigned.

(5) The sleeping rooms shall be laid out in a manner making them suitable for both overnight stays, relaxation and desk work, and there shall be space for the overnight occupant to store his or her clothes and belongings.

(6) Each sleeping room shall, as far as possible, have direct access to toilet a compartment with washbasins and shower designed for this sleeping room alone.

(7) Where it is not reasonably practicable to meet the requirement in subsection (6), direct access to a toilet compartment pursuant to subsection (6) designed for this sleeping room and only one adjoining sleeping room may be allowed.

Recreation rooms, dining rooms, etc.

72. Employees not on duty shall have access to a locker in the accommodation to store their personal equipment.

73. The accommodation shall contain a sufficient number of recreation rooms, which must be appointed in a manner giving employees the option to engage in recreation and exercise during their time off.

74.-(1) The accommodation shall include a dining room, the layout of which must provide sufficient space for an appropriate number of persons intended to use the dining room to take their meals without undue delay.

(2) A galley shall be arranged adjacent to the dining room. In the galley, it shall be possible to prepare hot and cold meals for the number of persons intended to use the dining room on the installation.

(3) In addition, a room shall be provided in the accommodation or in another suitable location on the installation, where the employees can consume hot and cold beverages, and possibly also snacks, without having to change out of their work clothes. The room shall be situated at a convenient distance from the installation's workstations and immediately accessible from such workstations.

(4) If food or beverages are consumed in connection with the room described in subsection (3), it shall be possible for occupants to wash their hands when accessing this area.

75.-(1) Access shall be provided to a suitable number of toilet compartments having one or more washbasins in connection with the recreation rooms.

(2) Provision shall be made for separate use of the toilet compartments by men and women.

(3) The toilet compartments shall be positioned appropriately in relation to the recreation rooms, dining rooms and changing rooms.

Laundry

76. The layout of the installation shall incorporate an option for employees to have their clothes laundered.

IV Equipment

Part 11 General provisions on equipment

General

77.-(1) Equipment shall be installed in such a way that health and safety risks, as well as the risks of major environmental incidents, are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

(2) In this regard, it must be ensured that

  1. the base, support, attachment and stability of the equipment are such that health and safety risks, as well as the risk of major environmental incidents, are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable, having regard to the weight, shape and usage of the equipment,
  2. noise, vibrations or other oscillations emitted by the equipment are countered in as effective a way as possible by installing the equipment on a vibration-insulating base, by providing guards or taking other protective measures,
  3. risks and nuisances from heat, dust, smoke, vapours and gases, etc. emitted from the equipment and any other associated risk factors are countered effectively,
  4. the positioning and manner of installation are such that health and safety risks, as well as the risk of major environmental incidents, are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable, having regard to the ambient conditions, and
  5. the positioning and manner of installation do not preclude operation of and other work on the equipment being performed in such a way that health and safety risks, as well as the risk of major environmental incidents, are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

78.-(1) To the extent that it has a bearing on health and safety, and on the risk of major environmental incidents in connection with the use of equipment, there shall be instructions for use.

(2) The instructions for use shall be readily accessible and, to the extent possible, be given directly on the equipment.

(3) If malfunctions, automation failures or other extraordinary circumstances relating to the equipment may present a health or safety risk or a risk of major environmental incidents, the instructions for use shall provide a warning in this regard and, to the extent possible, instructions regarding the safety measures to be taken in such situations.

(4) Instructions for use shall be drafted in one or more languages, so that all relevant persons on board understand their content. Instructions for use shall be updated on an ongoing basis, including on the basis of the experience gained from using the equipment.

Mechanical equipment and plant

79. Mechanical equipment and plant shall be of adequate strength and free from patent defect and suitable for the purpose for which it is intended.

Electrical plant and equipment

80.-(1) Electrical plant and equipment shall be of sufficient size and power for the purpose of which it is intended.

(2) Electrical plant and electrical equipment shall be in accordance with recognised norms and standards for the offshore area, cf. section 5.

Structure, manufacture and design

81. Equipment shall be designed and constructed using suitable materials having regard to the stresses to which it is expected to be subjected, such that it possesses the necessary strength and durability, and is equipped in such a way that the health and safety risks as well as the risk of major environmental incidents arising from the equipment and in conjunction with its use, are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

82. Equipment, in which pressures, temperatures, material stresses or other forces that may present health and safety risks exist or may arise, shall be designed and constructed in such a way, or provided with such equipment to limit the impacts, that the health and safety risks and the risk of major environmental incidents are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable, and such that any limits established for the impacts are not exceeded. If necessary, the equipment shall be provided with a warning mechanism that automatically becomes operational if such limits are exceeded.

83.-(1) The design of the equipment shall incorporate protection against hazards arising from the equipment. In this regard, it must be ensured that

  1. persons are not able to come into contact with dangerous machine parts or substances and materials that are harmful to health,
  2. tools, workpieces or parts thereof, and spray or the like cannot be ejected from the equipment in a manner posing a health and safety risk, and
  3. heat, cold, radiation, noise, vibrations, dust, humidity, smoke, vapours, gases or other substances generated by the use of the equipment are not emitted in such a way that they pose a health or safety risk.

(2) If the health and safety risks and the risks of major environmental incidents cannot be reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable by means of the design, such reduction shall be accomplished by means of guards, extraction or other health or safety measures.

(3) Guards and other health or safety measures

  1. shall be of robust construction,
  2. shall not give rise to any additional risk,
  3. shall not be easy to remove or render non-operational,
  4. shall be placed at an adequate distance from the risky area,
  5. shall cause minimum obstruction to the view of the production process, and
  6. shall enable essential interventions to be carried out on the installation and replacement of parts as well as for maintenance purposes by restricting access exclusively to the area where the work has to be done, and if possible without the guard or protective device having to be dismantled.

84. Equipment for energy supply shall be designed, constructed and installed in such a way that health and safety risks are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

85. Equipment shall be design, constructed and laid out in such a way that operation of the equipment and other work with the equipment can take place in such a way that health and safety risks are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

86.-(1) Switch-on, control and switch-off of power to the equipment or other modes of controlling functions or work processes in the equipment shall be carried out in such a way that health and safety risks are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

(2) It shall be ensured in this regard that the equipment can be operated under the best possible conditions for monitoring and control; if necessary, the equipment shall be provided with a mechanism that automatically issues a signal prior to start-up, stopping or other influences. It shall be possible to start equipment only by voluntary actuation performed on a control system designed for this purpose.

(3) It shall be possible to stop functions or work processes rapidly from appropriate locations on or by the equipment, except where interruption of such functions or processes may present health and safety risks.

(4) Where there are safety reasons for doing so, the equipment shall be able to stop itself automatically. If necessary, such stopping shall be combined with a braking function.

(5) A stop control shall have priority over a start control.

(6) If abnormal operating conditions, including fluctuations or interruptions in the power supply to the equipment may present a health and safety risk, the equipment shall have effective protections in this regard.

(7) Where appropriate, the equipment shall be provided with automatic and appropriately functioning warning systems.

87. Lighting that is built into or mounted onto a piece of equipment shall have an appropriate design; in particular, it shall incorporate anti-glare design.

88. Control devices and control systems shall be designed, executed and constructed in such a way as to prevent or counteract any risk of inadvertent or improper actuation, modification or termination of functions in cases where such inadvertent or improper actuation, modification or termination may lead to a health and safety risk.

(2) Control systems shall be safe and shall be chosen making due allowance for the breakdowns, faults and constrains to be expected in the intended circumstances of use.

(3) Control devices shall be easily accessible, clear, easily perceived, appropriately marked, shall be arranged and designed in an ergonomically appropriate manner, and shall be well lit.
Special equipment

89.-(1) Automatically operated, controlled or monitored equipment shall, to the extent that this may have a bearing on safety, be equipped with mechanisms for the downregulation of the processes and disconnection of automatic control, as well as equipment for manual operation and possibly also an emergency stop device.

(2) Furthermore, such equipment shall be provided with instructions, diagrams, plans or similar document which, in the event of breakdown of the automatic control system or other extraordinary situations, provides a basis for performing a comprehensive assessment of the safety implications of such breakdown, and for performing such actions or interventions as may be required in order to counteract health or safety risks.

(3) The text of the documentation and the associated instructions shall be written in one or several languages such that all relevant persons on board can understand the content.

(4) The documentation shall be posted on the equipment or close to it in a manner appropriate for its use.

90.-(1) Equipment whose safety depends on the operating condition, or where the risks of major environmental incidents depend on such operating conditions, shall to the extent necessary be fitted with monitoring, inspection and control devices.

(2) Monitoring and inspection devices shall be of appropriate design and positioned so that their settings cannot be lost inadvertently. Their display shall be correct, clear and well lit. It shall be possible to take readings and enter settings from an easily accessible and safe area, from where it shall be possible to carry out necessary adjustments or replacements.

91.-(1) Where traffic or someone’s presence is required on or near to a piece of equipment for operational, maintenance, inspection or other purposes, appropriate access routes and gangways as well as work platforms shall be set out to the extent required.

(2) These shall be designed and constructed, secured and lit so that safety risks posed by the use of such equipment is reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

Design

92. Where the shape or colour of equipment or parts thereof may have health and safety implications, these must be taken into consideration to the greatest extent possible.

93. Marking colours and symbols shall be clear and durable and out of consideration for visual perception the equipment should be given a suitable shape and colour.

94.-(1) To the extent its intended use allows for this, accessible parts of the equipment shall be configured so that there are no sharp corners, edges, rough surfaces, etc. which may lead to personal injury.

(2) As far as possible, the configuration shall ensure that the equipment can be cleaned easily and that the cleaning of and around said equipment may take place without involving any health and safety hazards.

95. A piece of technical equipment which may be expected to be moved, transported, installed and mounted shall be configured with this in mind and if necessary be fitted with devices so that health and safety risks in connection with moving etc. are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

Instructions for use and marking

96.-(1) Instructions and guidelines in the form of instructions for use shall accompany delivery of equipment. The instructions and guidelines shall be adequate in order to reduce health and safety risks in connection with use, transport and installation of the equipment to a level as low as reasonably practicable and to ensure that the equipment is maintained appropriately. These include essential instructions, plans, diagrams, etc. for the equipment's design and function, information on health and safety risks or other special risks for the equipment, including usage restrictions which may have health and safety implications and which are not common knowledge.

(2) The instructions for use shall also contain information on any special safety precautions which are necessary in connection with the use, transport, installation and maintenance of the equipment.

(3) Should personal protective equipment be necessary, the instructions for use shall provide details on their type and use, in accordance with the rules laid down for this equipment.

(4) The instructions for use shall be complete and easy to understand for anyone expected to use them.
(5) The instructions for use shall be written in one or several languages such that all relevant persons on board can understand the content.

(6) To the extent there may be health and safety implications, the instructions for use, essential sections thereof or references thereto, shall be given directly on the equipment or on a sign, notice, etc. for mounting by the equipment.

(7) All machinery delivered for use on the installation shall be furnished with the name and address of the manufacturer, or for imported machinery the relevant importer, or with another form of marking which facilitates identification of the manufacturer and importer, respectively.
Additional minimum requirements

97. Additional minimum requirements for equipment are laid down in Annex 1 to this Executive Order.

Part 12 Pressure equipment

Pressure vessels

98. Pressure vessels covered by Council Directive 76/767/EEC of 27 July 1976 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to common provisions for pressure vessels and methods for inspecting them, as amended by Council Directive 88/665/EEC of 21 December 1988 amending several Directives concerning the approximation of the laws of Member States where there is provision in those Directives for publication in the Official Journal of the European Communities of attestations and certificates, Council Directive 84/525/EEC of 17 September 1984 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to seamless, steel gas cylinders, Council Directive 84/526/EEC of 17 September 1984 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to seamless, unalloyed aluminium and aluminium alloy gas cylinders, Council Directive 84/527/EEC of 17 September 1984 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to welded unalloyed steel gas cylinders, shall be in accordance with sections 1-3 of the Danish WEA Executive Order on certain EC directives on pressure vessels.

99. Transportable pressure equipment covered by Council Directive 1999/36/EC of 29 April 1999 on transportable pressure equipment, as last amended by Commission Decision 2003/525/EC of 18 July 2003, shall be in accordance with sections 1-19, section 29, section 30(1), sections 32-34, sections 36-39, sections 41-44 and section 54 of Danish WEA Executive Order no. 289 of 24 April 2001 on transportable pressure equipment with later amendments.

Drilling equipment and piping systems

100. Drilling equipment shall be designed, dimensioned and constructed in such a way that the equipment is able to safely and effectively deal with liquids and gases in the equipment through all production conditions that may occur.

(2) Equipment shall be positioned and constructed on the installation in such a way that health and safety risks are reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

101.-(1) Piping systems shall be clearly and unambiguously marked. They shall be laid out in such a way that they are easy to inspect, operate and maintain.

(2) Piping systems under pressure shall be laid out in such a way that the equipment can be bled, emptied, aerated and possibly filled with inert gas.

(3) Piping systems shall be dimensioned with respect to the greatest pressure and the most hazardous temperature conditions that may occur in any operating condition, including on start-up and shut-down of the drilling process, and when starting and stopping pumps.

Control equipment for the drilling process

102. The drilling process shall be provided with relevant alarms that are triggered when the operating condition exceeds the alarm thresholds established for normal process-operating conditions.

103.-(1) Drilling equipment shall be fitted with a shut-off valve system (blow-out preventer) to shut off the well if necessary.

(2) The shut-off valve system shall be designed in such a way that no single fault in the system makes it unserviceable.

(3) The shut-off valve system shall be independent of the drilling-process regulation system.

104. A system shall be established for remote control of equipment in the event of an emergency.

(2) The system shall incorporate monitoring stations at suitable locations which may be used in the event of an emergency including, if necessary, monitoring stations at safe assembly points and evacuation points.

(3) Equipment with remote control functionality, cf. subsection (1), shall at least include systems for

  1. ventilation,
  2. emergency shut-down of equipment which may cause ignition,
  3. prevention of the escape of flammable liquids and gas,
  4. fire protection, and
  5. well control.

Part 13

Other equipment etc.

105.-(1) Passenger lifts shall be laid out in accordance with recognised norms and standards.
(2) A certificate or similar shall be fitted in the carrier, documenting that the lift complies with subsection (1).

(3) The installation and control of lifts shall be carried out in accordance with the relevant provisions of sections 1-3, sections 5-25, sections 36-38, section 47(2)-(3), sections 48 and 50 of Danish WEA Executive Order no. 629 of 27 June 2008 on the use and installation, etc. of lifts with later amendments.

106. Equipment intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres shall comply with the provisions in Chapter 6 of the 2009 edition of the MODU Code.

107.-(1) The installation shall be equipped with a backup power system that complies with the provisions in Chapters 5.3 and 5.4 of the 2009 edition of the MODU Code.

(2) In the event of a power failure, escape routes and emergency exits requiring illumination shall be provided with emergency lighting of adequate intensity.

108.-(1) The installation shall be fitted with

  1. an acoustic and optical system capable of transmitting an alarm indication to every manned part of the installation as necessary,
  2. an acoustic system capable of being heard distinctly in all parts of the installation where persons on board are frequently present, and
  3. a communication system which, among other things, is capable of maintaining communication to shore and rescue services onshore, at sea and in the air.

(2) The systems mentioned in subsection (1) shall be capable of remaining operational in the event of an emergency.
(3) The acoustic system shall be supplemented by communication systems which are not reliant on vulnerable power supplies.
(4) Facilities for raising the alarm shall be installed at suitable locations.

V Other provisions

Part 14

Supervision etc.

109. Supervisory work regarding equipment, as well as investigations and inspection requiring specific expertise, may be transferred by the Danish WEA to private businesses to the extent that no other provisions are stipulated in this Executive Order for the performance of the tasks in question.

Part 15 Derogations, penalties and entry into force etc.

Derogations

110. The Danish WEA may permit derogation from section 5(2) and (4), and sections 6-108 of this Executive Order, provided this is commensurate with the directives implemented by this Executive Order and provided the Danish WEA can establish that the health and safety risks and risks of major environmental incidents are still reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable.

111. The Danish WEA may, where special circumstances so warrant and where deemed reasonable, grant exemptions from individual provisions in this Executive Order, provided that doing so is deemed not to increase health and safety risks significantly, and to the extent that doing so is commensurate with the directives implemented by this Executive Order.

Penalties

112. Unless more severe penalty is due under the Offshore Safety Act or other legislation, offenders shall be liable to a fine for:

  1. violating section 4, section 5(2)-(4) and (6), sections 6-42, section 43(1)-(3), (5) and (6), sections 44-48, sections 49-52, section 53(1) and (3)-(8) and sections 54 and 55, section 56(1)-(3), sections 57-59, sections 61-96, 100-104, section 105(2), sections 106-108, and the provisions of Annex 1, cf. section 97.
  2. violating the provisions referred to in sections 60, 98, 99 and section 105(3) to the extent that the provisions are punishable pursuant to the Executive Orders to which reference is made, or
  3. disregarding the conditions for permits, appointments and authorisations under this Executive Order.

(2) For violation of subsection (1), within the framework of section 71 of the Offshore Safety Act, the employer may be subject to a fine, notwithstanding the fact that the violation cannot be attributed to the employer as intentional or negligent. A condition for the individual employer being subject to a fine is that the violation can be attributed to one or more persons attached to the enterprise, or the enterprise as such. No alternative penalty shall be stipulated in lieu of such a fine.

(3) Companies, etc. (legal persons) may incur criminal liability according to the regulations in chapter 5 of the Criminal Code.

Entry into force, transitional rules, etc.

113.-(1) This Executive Order shall enter into force on 1 November 2015.

(2) Executive Order no. 830 of 27 June 2013 on mobile offshore installations etc. shall be repealed.

(3) The inclusion of risks of major environmental incidents, cf. section 4, section 77(1) and (2), nos. 1, 4 and 5, section 78(1) and (3), sections 81 and 82, section 83(2), section 90(1) and section 110 shall apply from and including 19 July 2016 for owners of planned non-production installations and pipelines and operators of planned production installations and connected infrastructure to which an operation permit, pursuant to section 28 of the Safety etc. for Offshore Installations for Exploration, Production and Transportation of Hydrocarbons Act, cf. Consolidated Act no. 520 of 13 May, is not granted on 19 July 2015. Until such time, the existing rules shall apply, including the associated penalty provisions.

(4) The inclusion of risks of major environmental incidents, cf. section 4, section 77(1) and (2), nos. 1, 4 and 5, section 78(1) and (3), section 81 and 82, section 83(2), section 90(1) and section 110 shall apply from and including 19 July 2018 for installations and connected infrastructure to which an operation permit, pursuant to section 28 of the Safety etc. for Offshore Installations for Exploration, Production and Transportation of Hydrocarbons Act, cf. Consolidated Act no. 520 of 13 May 2013, is granted before 19 July 2015. Until such time, the existing rules shall apply, including the associated penalty provisions.

114. For an installation, which was granted an operation permit before 1 November 2015, and where such permit is covered by the Offshore Safety Act, the existing regulations shall apply until the permit is to be renewed, lapses or expires.

(2) If modifications are made to an installation pursuant to subsection (1) for which a permit pursuant to section 29 of the Offshore Safety Act must be sought, this Executive Order shall apply to matters covered by the modifications.
(3) Applications for permits pursuant to sections 28 or 29 of the Offshore Safety Act which have been sent or submitted to the Danish WEA before 1 November 2015, and which do not contain material errors or omissions, shall be finalised by the Danish WEA, in respect of matters covered by this Executive Order, pursuant to the existing regulations.

115. Appointment of notified bodies, third party bodies or approved bodies issued by the Danish Energy Agency before 1 January 2015, and appointment of notified bodies, third party bodies or approved bodies issued by the Danish WEA before 1 January 2015 and before 1 November 2015 shall remain valid until they their scheduled expiry or lapse pursuant to the transitional provisions.

116. The international adoptions mentioned in section 2, no. 9, section 5(2) and (3), and sections 106 and 107 shall not be announced in the Danish Law Gazette, but shall be made known when the relevant international adoptions are available for review at the Danish WEA.

The Ministry of Employment, 9 October 2015

Jørn Neergaard Larsen
/ Nanna Møller